Foundational Theology: Jesus and the Church

Fiorenza, Francis Schussler. Foundational Theology: Jesus and the Church. New York: Crossroad, 1984.

Drawing a careful distinction between fundamental theology -- as the traditional elaborations of thought demonstrating the truth of Christianity and establishing the basis of Christian theology -- and his own proposal for foundational theology as a reconstructive hermeneutic, Fiorenza articulates the historical and contemporary situation of four distinct problems in foundational theology: the resurrection of Jesus, the foundation of the Church, the mission of the Church, and the nature of fundamental/foundational theology. He discusses the modernist shift from fundamental to foundational theology by highlighting the "double hermeneutic of theology," i.e., the inter-relation of, and inter-dependence on, meaning and truth within theological discourse. Finally, the author argues that theological hermeneutical reconstruction must draw upon a wide variety of warrants and inferences of truth and meaning as well as background theories in order to produce an understanding of foundational theology as a continuing and self-correcting endeavor. (RG)