New Frontiers of Guadalupanismo

Matovina, Timothy M. “New Frontiers of Guadalupanismo.” Journal of Hispanic/Latino Theology. 5, no. 1(1997):20-36.

Timothy Matovina traces the rise to prominence of Our Lady of Guadalupe as the primary patroness of the Mexican settlement of San Antonio during the community’s first 100 years. He observes that, although Guadalupe originally shared this honor with Our Lady of Candlemas, San Fernando and San Antonio, the conflation of the community’s several December celebrations, the emergence of a regional spirit and identity, a growing devotion to Guadalupe as protectress of the local agrarian economy, and the timing of the Guadulpan December festivities with Native American traditions coalesced by 1810 to focus primary if not sole attention on the Guadalupan image and feast. The author interprets the rise of public Guadalupan devotion as reflecting “the community’s ‘New World’ regional identity, festive spirit, belief in divine providence, penchant for collective intercession and prayers of thanksgiving, social class divisions, differentiation of gender roles, and patriotic allegiance, as well as individual devotees’ pleas for protection, guidance, and help.”