Religious Studies, Theological Studies, and the University-Divinity School

Kitagawa, Joseph Mitsuo, ed. Religious Studies, Theological Studies, and the University-Divinity School. Foreword by Robert Wood Lynn. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1992.

Kitagawa collected essays reflecting on the nature, perspectives and objectives of the "university-divinity school" in the U.S., and its relationship with "free-standing" seminaries, and analyzed the differences between "university-oriented" and "church-oriented" divinity schools. Joseph C. Hough, Jr. reviews the history of the marginalization of theological studies within universities, and offers a contemporary response to the question whether theological studies have a home in the modern university, while B.A. Gerrish outlines the prospect for an academic theology within the university. Glenn T. Miller portrays three theological "revolutions" -- Abelard's new scholasticism, Luther's discovery of Scripture, and Bushnell's redefinition of religion -- and shows how each changed the institutions of theological education; Conrad Cherry describes how the modern university promotes the twin concepts of professionalization and specialization, and highlights the tension between those concepts and the study of religion. Charles H. Long charts the effects of the end of the Protestant Era on theological education and proposes a new alliance between theological studies and religious studies in the academy. William C. Spohn, S.J., describes the tensions between church and academy within Roman Catholicism since 1959 and offers examples of recent forms of complementary dialogue. Judith A. Berling reviews the complex nature of consortia among theological schools. (KA)